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Eating Disorder: Physical and Mental Complications


ANOREXIA NERVOSA:

• Amenorrhea (loss of menstruation)
• Anemia
• Bingeing (side effect of starvation)
• Bloating
• Bowel bleeding and perforation (result of laxative use)
• Bruising easily
• Bradycardia (slow heart rate)
• Cardiac arrhythmia (irregular heartbeat)
• Cardiac arrest
• Cathartic Colon (result of laxative use)
• Constipation
• Decreased heart mass and chamber size
• Decreased metabolic rate
• Decreased testicular function
• Dehydration
• Delayed gastric emptying (causes person to feel bloated and full after only a small meal or even a few bites)
• Dental decay and/or discoloration
• Depressed immune system
• Dizziness
• Dry skin, brittle hair and nails
• Edema (water retention, most common in ankles or feet)
• Electrolyte imbalances (can lead to cardiac arrhythmia and death)
• Endocrine abnormalities
• Esophagitis (painful swelling of the esophagus due to vomiting)
• Fainting
• Hiatal Hernias (effect of vomiting)
• High cholesterol (effect of starvation, low cholesterol diet not usually necessary)
• Hyperactivity
• Hypoglycemia (low blood sugar)
• Increased risk of osteoporosis (bones lose density and fracture easily)
• Insomnia
• Ketosis (excessive accumulation of ketone bodies in the blood and urine indicative of the body digesting its fat stores as a sole source of energy. Can be quite dangerous)
• Kidney damage or failure (usually the result of dehydration often worsened by diuretic use)
• Lanugo (fine downy hair on the body)
• Liver damage (condition that is irreparable, e.g. nutritional hepatitis)
• Loss of hair on the head
• Low blood pressure
• Low body temperature (causes person to feel cold easily)
• Malabsorption syndrome (small intestine becomes ineffective at absorbing vitamins and minerals)
• Muscle cramps and weakness (usually caused by electrolyte imbalances)
• Pancreatitis (painful swelling of the pancreas evidenced by severe abdominal pain, distension and fever)
• Reduced intestinal motility (result of laxative use)
• Sensitivity to light and sound
• Yellow skin (hypercarotinoma)




BULIMIA NERVOSA:

• Amenorrhea (loss of menstruation) and irregular menstruation (oligomenorrhea)
• Anemia
• Blistered esophagus
• Bloating due to gas
• Bowel infections (result of laxative or enema use)
• Bowel tumors
• Cardiac arrhythmia (heart beats too fast, too slow or lacks proper rhythm can lead to cardiac arrest and death)
• Cathartic Colon
• Constipation
• Decreased intestinal motility
• Dehydration
• Dental decay and or discoloration
• Diarrhea
• Dizziness
• Edema (water retention)
• Electrolyte imbalances (usually leads to cardiac arrhythmia)
• Endocrine abnormalities
• Esophageal tears (result of vomiting)
• Esophagitis (painful, swollen esophagus-result of vomiting)
• Gastric dilation and rupture
• Hiatal hernia
• Hypoglycemia (low blood sugar)
• Hair loss
• Kidney damage (result of dehydration and diuretic use)
• Liver damage (associated with ipecac use)
• Low blood pressure
• Malabsorption syndrome (small intestine becomes ineffective at absorbing vitamins and minerals)
• Malnutrition
• Metabolic abnormalities
• Pancreatitis (inflammation of the pancreas)
• Rectal burning/pain
• Salivary (especially the Parotids) gland enlargement and infection




COMPULSIVE OVEREATING:

• Arthritis
• Cardiac abnormalities and arrhythmia
• Diabetes
• Fatigue
• Gastric dilation and rupture
• Gastric Esophageal Reflux Disease (GERD)
• Hiatal Hernia
• High Cholesterol
• Hypertension
• Insomnia or sleep deprivation
• Mobility problems
• Sciatica
• Sleep apnea (related to obesity)
• Varicose veins

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